This article is part of a series of articles about Allah, the God:
Reminder: Here We are discussing religion, a field where people always disagree. you may disagree with what I am saying here. that's fine. I respect your opinion. but I am not opening a debate here. I am explaining Islam. and if your religion or religious opinions are opposite of what Islam says is not a reason for you to make a scene. you can just take it as 'additional information' about the Islamic faith.
Who Is Allah, 'The' God?
The concept of the God in Islam is very easy to understand. even a 6 y o kid can get it. There are no mental gymnastics or complexities with grasping the concept of God in Islam. The best definition a Muslim can give you with regards to the concept of the God in Islam, is to quote to you the following chapter of the Quran. chapter 112 called, Surat-al-Ikhlaas (chapter of purity). in the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful:
1- قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
Say: He is Allah, the Ahad (the One and Only);
2- اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ
Allah, the Samad (Eternal and Absolute)
3- لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
He begets not, nor was He begotten;
4- وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
And there is none comparable unto Him.
As you can see, the concept of God here is explicit and contains no ambiguities.
In verse 1, we are told that Allah is أحد "Ahad," which means: "One." This gives us the explicit understanding that Islam is a monotheistic religion, which adheres strongly to the belief in one and only one God.
the exact same statement can be read in the Bible in Deuteronomy 6:4:
Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God, the LORD is one.
שְׁמַע, יִשְׂרָאֵל: יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ, יְהוָה אֶחָד.
Shema Yisra'el YHWH Eloheinu YHWH Eḥad
the Hebrew word used here is "Ehad", the Arabic equivalent is "Ahad". it means one and only ONE. not two, not three, not ten. but ONE.
All the prophets of the God taught the same message of monotheism. Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus and Mohammed -peace be upon them-. and this is the core of Islam. it's called توحيد "TAWHEED" in Arabic, which literally means "oneness of the God." (I will talk more about Tawheed in my next articles, in sha'Allah -God willing)
So as you can see, the association of partners to God in Islam is prohibited and opposed, since the main creed of Islam is monotheism.
In verse 2, the Arabic word used is the الصمد "Samad" which may means "absolute existence", this can be attributed only to the God, since all other existence are temporal or conditional. Let us read Yusuf Ali's commentary* of Surah Ikhlas 112:2:
"Samad is difficult to translate by one word. I have used two, "Eternal" and "Absolute". The latter implies: (1) that absolute existence can only be predicated of Him; all other existence is temporal or conditional; (2) that He is dependent on no person or things, but all persons or things are dependent on Him, thus negativing the idea of gods and goddesses who ate and drank, wrangled and plotted, depended on the gifts of worshippers, etc."
Hence, Allah is self sufficient and eternal which means he requires no necessities from anything, nor does existence occur except by his will alone. This verse also affirms that Allah is not the creation, since the creation is temporal and limited, which is what Allah is not.
Verse 3 makes it clear that God does not beget nor was begotten.
The Christian doctrine that God is a begotten son of himself is a doctrine strictly against Islam, and contradicts this Quranic verse. This also refutes many pagan ideologies of God having children or coming down to Earth etc. Verse 3 also implies that God is neither a man nor the son of man. he will never become a man because to beget a child is an animal act, limited to the lower function of sex, which we are not to attribute a quality to God.
Verse 4 is so stringent, is such a unique attribute that no-one except the true God can pass. Let us read Yusuf Ali's commentary of Surah Ihklas 112:4:
"This sums up the whole argument and warns us specially against Anthropomorphism, the tendency to conceive of Allah after our own pattern, an insidious tendency that creeps in at all times and among all peoples."
This verse tells us that there is nothing like God, no-one can possibly pass this criteria, except the true God. God does not become a human being. Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the ‘God-men’, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc.
The worship of God in human form is therefore rejected in Islam.
This verse clearly implies that nothing whatsoever is like God, at all. Hence, only Allah can pass this criteria, because everything else has a common similarity, that being: everything else is creation and limited. In contrast, God is uncreated and unlimited. This attribute is unlike anything else one could imagine, which shows the God is unique in Islam more than any other concept of God, in other religions.
This chapter of the Glorious Qur’an, is the touchstone of theology in Islam. ‘Theo’ in Greek means god and ‘logy’ means study. Thus Theology means study of God and to Muslims this four line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this ‘acid test’. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses.
in the next article, in sha'Allah [God willing] I am going to talk about the attributes of Allah almighty...
from [link] and [link]
To be continued, in sha'Allah...
for more reading about Allah, please visit:
Who is Allah?
Concept of god
I hope that was beneficial
*Abdullah Yusuf Ali was a scholar who made a famous English translation of the holy Qur'an.
there is NO part of the qur'an that tells us to destroy those who are Muslims.
you must be mistaken.
"that would be very helpful. would make me understand better of these muslim extremist groups who hate west so damn much."
You can't understand terrorists by reading the Qur'an. the Qur'an doesn't encourage terrorism. it calls for peace.
"is it because we are doing so damn good? isn't our fault that we born in abundance and have ways to create civilizations."
what's so damn good about stealing other people's wealth?
you are born in abundance because you are making the third world living in misery.
what you call civilization is built upon the suffering of the poor people of the world.
You don't know what you are talking about it. there is not even a single verse of hate in the Qur'an. and I challenge you to bring a single one if you dare.
"I do want to believe islam to be peaceful, yet so far muslism have not given evidence and reason to think they are peaceful. more like the opposite,"
there are bad elements in every group. there are bad Muslims and there are good Muslims. there are bad Christians and there are good Christians. there are bad Atheists and there are good Atheists. singling a whole group as bad is biased and unfair. if you want to see if Islam is a good religion, look at its best example and not at the bad examples. the best example of Islam is the prophet Mohammed -peace be upon him-. read his biography and you will understand more about Islam. read the Qur'an and you will learn more about the beautiful teachings of this wonderful way of life.
You see in many other religions, such as Hinduism and the long ago one of the Greeks, they made pagan gods, i.e., they associated other gods with Allah. In these religions, the gods have human like qualities, they get tired, they sleep, eat, and some of their gods could die as well. In Islam, God has no other being who is equal to Him (hence He is Absolute) and He is the One and Only. In a way, there is absolutely no one like Him in power or qualities!(for example like Christanity has a priest who is supposed to be a "link" to God, there is no such person in Islam because God talks to everyone w/o discrimination). Associating anybody in power or likeness to Allah is "shirk" which is a big sin in Islam.
Eternal simply means that God can not die - He will forever exist for He is a perpetual being.
Hope that clarifed things a bit
Or were they an exception to this general description?
Where did you learn this, incidentally? Perhaps if I look at the source material I can answer these questions myself.
In a way, the prophets were an exception. They were links to Allah, and yes they spread religion through the revelations given to them by Him but to rememeber is that the prophets did not claim by themselves they were prophets. It is purely Divine. For example, in some religions, the religious leader claims (by himself) that he is a link to God. Even in my country, we have "pirs" that say that if they want their sins forgiven they must come to them. If they want anything from God, they must ask the pir first so he can ask Allah. So, when such pirs die, people begin worshipping him istead of Allah. The mentality around here is that people aren't pious enough as these pirs so they must ask him. Allah has made religion easy - there is no need to go to pir to have sins forgiven or have their wishes fulfilled. It can be done right at home. By going to such leaders it is like saying, "This person can expiate my sins, he can grant me my wishes". This is asscoiating partners with the Absolute Allah.
By reading the Quran, these things can be clarified. It is my source of knowledge ^^
But you can follow these links if you want:
1) Allah is One
2) Concept of God in Islam
3) Translation of Quran (if you wish to read it)
I am not a teacher, or a preacher, so I'm sorry if my explanation is a bit weird.
Didn't Muhammad claim to have gained divine knowledge from an angel? And didn't Jesus claim to be directly inspired by god? And certainly Moses claimed to be a prophet, since he spoke with Yahweh a number of different times if the bible is to be believed. I think I see what you mean by not having to consult with priests and holy men in order to follow Allah, which is certainly different from most other religions like christianity, where priests, pastors, vicars and the sort are the sources of theological knowledge. There are corresponding positions like that in Islam aren't there? Islamic scholars whom one has the option to go for advice about Allah, or at the mosque perhaps? The fellow who directs events there? At least in Britain, a great many christians of the protestant faiths have a similar principle, praying at home and having personal relationships of that sort without having to go through a priest, but consulting the priest when confused about certain things in their lives.
Your explanation is quite well done, it's a good rudimentary explanation for me who only knows about Islam based on a class about the history of Islam. It's beginning, the stories that gave to its rise, and its influence over the centuries. Thanks for the number 0, the philosophy, and the medicine by the way
Forgive me if I keep asking for clarification, but I like to get as deep into an understanding as possible, and to be honest, the reason I ask to to ask why it is you believe these things.
Well, about the validity of the book (for the Quran at least) I can only say that reading it would be your best option and then later one can decide if it is true or not. For example, if someone says that the Harry Potter books are rubbish or Twilight is the best written thing, I can only give my opinion by reading said books, no? I can explain and explain all that I want, but the only thing that works with or against me is your opinion after reading the book.
Within the context of worship, the most important role is played by the imam, who serves as the prayer leader. Most mosques, especially large ones, have a permanent imam who functions in this capacity on a full-time basis. In smaller mosques it is more common to rotate leaders from among the community so that no one person is identified with the role. The backgrounds and qualifications of imams vary considerably, and they function independently of each other If you want more information on this, here is a website I often rely on: Christanity has a Bishop, what does Islam have? However, just like many other religions, Islam has its sects as well: Sunni and Shia, and it both the job of the Imam varies. Here is a link that explains the differences, if you're interested: Sunni and Shias
Now for your final question as to why I believe in a God, I hope this analogy works: consider the universe, and everything contained within it, as a marvellous and beautiful diorama. Everything has been planned out, and is exactly where it is supposed to be. The planets have been put in such a place that if it were even moved ten inches, there would be planetary collisions; the earth’s position relative to the sun is perfectly placed to sustain life, not too far (like Pluto), or not too close (like Mercury); the raindrop has been put in perfect position to sun rays to create a rainbow, etc. Now what often people argue is that clay, glue, paint, and other such materials were used to create the diorama. But what they often forget is that there must be a Master artist whose hands are responsible for all of this.
I don’t mind – I’m just happy to spread the knowledge! And even if you still don’t believe, I don’t mind for God says,
“There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion.” [2:256]
Some facts regarding the prophethood of Muhammad (saw).
1. The Prophet (saw) was illiterate.
2. The Prophet (saw) grew up in a pagan society. He was extremely upset over their practices and began meditating over the universe. This became very apparent when the Prophet (saw) became 35 years of age and spent every Ramadan in a cave on the outskirts of Mecca known as the Cave of Hira.
3. In 610 AD, the Holy Prophet (saw) received his first revelation – the verses of Surah Alaq. After the whole event, he was badly shaken and wished to commit suicide. He was comforted by his wife, Hazrat Khadija (ra). He was taken to her cousin (who was Christian). Upon hearing the event from the Prophet (saw), he confirmed his as the final messenger of Allah, which was foretold in the Bible.
If the Holy Prophet (saw) was disheartened by such practices, why did he wait to write a book? Why would he wait for 40 years before preaching against paganism? And why would he want to commit suicide if he wrote the book? And how could an illiterate man write a book?
4. When the Holy Prophet (saw) got over his shock, he began preaching Islam – which faced much fierce opposition from the pagans of Mecca. And people who began to accept Islam were brutally tortured, but the Prophet (saw) received double the torture any of the followers had to endure. People made fun of him, threw sticks and stones at him, and even went as far as to assassinate him.
If Islam was manmade, why would the Holy Prophet (saw) endure so much torture? And the pagans of Mecca even bribed him, which he refused. And it was no simple bribe, had he accepted it and denounced Islam, he would’ve been the richest man of his time as well as the most famous! No one would decline such a bargain, if the religion he was preaching was made up.
Here are some links you might consider reading:
Another thing that might cause shadow of doubts regarding the validity of Islam and the Quran is that it might’ve be tampered with like the Torah and Bible were. However, I assure you that the Quran has not been played around with and is the same book it was 1400 years ago. How the Quran was preserved for generations to come is explained best in the links, as it is quite long:
The reason I compared the scenario with Harry Potter and Twilight is that no matter how much I argue and explain, the only way you’re question may truly be answered is by reading the book in itself. And the same goes for factual books. How am I to tell if the book is true or not without reading it? If one has not read the source material, how can one be a judge of it? As a wise teacher once told me, "You can't give an exam based on opinion."
even I'm Muslim the explanation it is very useful ^U^
i mean dose he really know how brutal his punishments are for humans for skipping 1 of daily prayer?
and im really scared when i go to college i might not have enough time to play with my video games , sleep , study and end up tired or an extreme boring day with no entertainment
YOU MUST BE KIDDING!
Hundreds of thousands of people die in Somalia and other countries because of famine. They don't have time to think about entertainment since their most important worry is food. and look at you? you feel bored because you might not have time to play a video game. If going to college will prevent you from playing your video games, then why go to college? stay at home and play video games. the ummah might benefit more from you that way.
Instead of thanking Allah for what he gave you, you complain that your days might be boring without entertainment. as if entertainment is your goal in life. and then you dare to ask if Allah has common sense. do you really not know or you're trying to insult Allah by your sarcastic question?
I really question your own common sense.
I'm not an imam. I see you are living in the UAE. it's easy to contact an imam there. you can go to the nearby mosque and ask the imam about all your questions about Allah. I'm pretty sure he will be more than happy to answer.
May Allah guide you and correct your thinking.
its just that i lack social life in the uae because every1 loves football,cars and call of duty when i talk about the games that i play like mario and tales of graces f they dare to say these are for kids!and when i see other countries like U.S,europe and japan gaming is huge in there!
and i keep asking my self why? why was i born in a place surrounded by idiots who dont know how to enjoy life and use google to solve their problems?
now i dont know who to blame for this problem
قل هو الله احد الله الصمد لم يلد ولم يولد ولم يكن له كفئا احد
I think you are extremely extremely skilled.
You draw beautiful muslim girls and you work very hard on your message delivery. Your designs, particularly this one on her hijab and in the background is amazing.
It just saddens me that you spend so much of your time buried into studying religion. I know this is a muslim thing to be extremely devout like this. But there are so many things in life to be involved with and enjoy. I cannot imagine what it feels like to care about this stuff so much. I suppose you are from a different world than me.
But you seem like you are concentrating very hard on following the values that make you a good person. You are a healthy minded person from my point of view.
It breaks my heart to see women and particularly little girls in a hijab though. I don't accept that that is useful for anything but placing women below men. I have thought about it for a long time, and I live amongst many muslims all my life. Every culture has its idiots and I have seen really poor attitudes towards women lately. I just think for idiotic men, the hijab is a symbol of women being "in their place", no matter what the real reason a woman wears it is. I think it does not help the horrible situation of this world that women are treated awfully when there are idiotic men that will act this way. This to me is much more important than what good can come out of it.
Think before you post. The world is not 2D; not all people think and act in the same way.
If I'm not mistaken, did the pre-islamic pagan Arabs do so?
From what I've read, the Pagan-Arabs worshipped a moon god named "Allat", thus the confusion among non-muslims between him, and "Allah".
Hope this helps
Bye the way, the attitude and backwards-ness of the pre-Islamic Arabs made the present-day radical Muslims you always here about look like nothing, didn't they?
And definitely. One thing they practiced that especially horrifies me is infanticide, mainly among baby girls. They believed that girls had no use and so when a women gave birth to a baby girl, they killed the baby and buried her (or sometimes buried her ALIVE). They were also big on human sacrifices 0_0.
I blame the governments of most of the middle-eastern countries though, for this. Because of their "just, muslim" laws, people there actually think they're Islamic. Take Saudia Arabia as an example, it's a mess there with human and women rights.
I love your art. ♥
I love the details and your choice of your colors in this drawing, it's defiantly my favorite!
I also love how you use your art to deliver a message. You inspire me <3
MASHALLAH MASHALLAH MASHALLAH
very very very integrated work and brilliant work big bro
thank you very mmmmmmmuuuuuuuuuuuuccccccccccchhhhhhhhhh for the hard est wrok
and your pictures are so lovely, and attract everyone!!! <333