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Who is Allah? by Nayzak Who is Allah? by Nayzak
Assalaamu alaikum[peace be to you],

This article is part of a series of articles about Allah, the God:

Reminder: Here We are discussing religion, a field where people always disagree. you may disagree with what I am saying here. that's fine. I respect your opinion. but I am not opening a debate here. I am explaining Islam. and if your religion or religious opinions are opposite of what Islam says is not a reason for you to make a scene. you can just take it as 'additional information' about the Islamic faith.


Who Is Allah, 'The' God?
The concept of the God in Islam is very easy to understand. even a 6 y o kid can get it. There are no mental gymnastics or complexities with grasping the concept of God in Islam. The best definition a Muslim can give you with regards to the concept of the God in Islam, is to quote to you the following chapter of the Quran. chapter 112 called, Surat-al-Ikhlaas (chapter of purity). in the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful:
1- قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
Say: He is Allah, the Ahad (the One and Only);
2- اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ
Allah, the Samad (Eternal and Absolute)
3- لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
He begets not, nor was He begotten;
4- وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
And there is none comparable unto Him.

As you can see, the concept of God here is explicit and contains no ambiguities.

:bulletred: In verse 1, we are told that Allah is أحد "Ahad," which means: "One." This gives us the explicit understanding that Islam is a monotheistic religion, which adheres strongly to the belief in one and only one God.
the exact same statement can be read in the Bible in Deuteronomy 6:4:
Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God, the LORD is one.
שְׁמַע, יִשְׂרָאֵל: יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ, יְהוָה אֶחָד.
Shema Yisra'el YHWH Eloheinu YHWH Eḥad

from [link]
the Hebrew word used here is "Ehad", the Arabic equivalent is "Ahad". it means one and only ONE. not two, not three, not ten. but ONE.
All the prophets of the God taught the same message of monotheism. Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus and Mohammed -peace be upon them-. and this is the core of Islam. it's called توحيد "TAWHEED" in Arabic, which literally means "oneness of the God." (I will talk more about Tawheed in my next articles, in sha'Allah -God willing)
So as you can see, the association of partners to God in Islam is prohibited and opposed, since the main creed of Islam is monotheism.

:bulletred: In verse 2, the Arabic word used is the الصمد "Samad" which may means "absolute existence", this can be attributed only to the God, since all other existence are temporal or conditional. Let us read Yusuf Ali's commentary* of Surah Ikhlas 112:2:
"Samad is difficult to translate by one word. I have used two, "Eternal" and "Absolute". The latter implies: (1) that absolute existence can only be predicated of Him; all other existence is temporal or conditional; (2) that He is dependent on no person or things, but all persons or things are dependent on Him, thus negativing the idea of gods and goddesses who ate and drank, wrangled and plotted, depended on the gifts of worshippers, etc."

Hence, Allah is self sufficient and eternal which means he requires no necessities from anything, nor does existence occur except by his will alone. This verse also affirms that Allah is not the creation, since the creation is temporal and limited, which is what Allah is not.

:bulletred: Verse 3 makes it clear that God does not beget nor was begotten.
The Christian doctrine that God is a begotten son of himself is a doctrine strictly against Islam, and contradicts this Quranic verse. This also refutes many pagan ideologies of God having children or coming down to Earth etc. Verse 3 also implies that God is neither a man nor the son of man. he will never become a man because to beget a child is an animal act, limited to the lower function of sex, which we are not to attribute a quality to God.

:bulletred: Verse 4 is so stringent, is such a unique attribute that no-one except the true God can pass. Let us read Yusuf Ali's commentary of Surah Ihklas 112:4:
"This sums up the whole argument and warns us specially against Anthropomorphism, the tendency to conceive of Allah after our own pattern, an insidious tendency that creeps in at all times and among all peoples."

This verse tells us that there is nothing like God, no-one can possibly pass this criteria, except the true God. God does not become a human being. Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the ‘God-men’, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc.
The worship of God in human form is therefore rejected in Islam.
This verse clearly implies that nothing whatsoever is like God, at all. Hence, only Allah can pass this criteria, because everything else has a common similarity, that being: everything else is creation and limited. In contrast, God is uncreated and unlimited. This attribute is unlike anything else one could imagine, which shows the God is unique in Islam more than any other concept of God, in other religions.


This chapter of the Glorious Qur’an, is the touchstone of theology in Islam. ‘Theo’ in Greek means god and ‘logy’ means study. Thus Theology means study of God and to Muslims this four line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this ‘acid test’. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses.


in the next article, in sha'Allah [God willing] I am going to talk about the attributes of Allah almighty...

from [link] and [link]


To be continued, in sha'Allah...


for more reading about Allah, please visit:
:bulletred:God Allah
:bulletred:Knowing Allah
:bulletred:Who is Allah?
:bulletred:Concept of god

I hope that was beneficial

*Abdullah Yusuf Ali was a scholar who made a famous English translation of the holy Qur'an.

Wassalaamu alaikum
Add a Comment:
 
:iconmomokoiyo:
Momokoiyo Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2014  Student Interface Designer
This is the most Beautiful Art I've seen!!! May Allah bless  you with good deeds.
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:iconracecapet:
racecapet Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2014
God bless you for your art! I think the world would be a better place if more people saw these.
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:iconitsukiart:
Itsukiart Featured By Owner Sep 30, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
now how about you explain me those parts in Koran where is told to destroy peoples who are muslims. 
that would be very helpful. would make me understand better of these muslim extremist groups who hate west so damn much.
is it because we are doing so damn good? isn't our fault that we born in abundance and have ways to create civilizations.
sure there is being some good places in middle east and peoples have been good to those who come from other religions.
but yet Koran is full of hate.
I do want to believe islam to be peaceful, yet so far muslism have not given evidence and reason to think they are peaceful.
more like the opposite,
Reply
:iconicandycorn:
iCandyCorn Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2014
you are ignorant and stupid, your 'west' brainwashes you into stupid goals you can't even think about. i think you're trying to call them terrorists, how rude! are they really terrorists? are they really terrorists when America destroyed middle eastern peoples faith. you are the biggest fucktard in the universe besides some other cunts.
Reply
:iconnayzak:
Nayzak Featured By Owner Sep 30, 2013
"now how about you explain me those parts in Koran where is told to destroy peoples who are muslims."
there is NO part of the qur'an that tells us to destroy those who are Muslims.
there is NO part of the qur'an that tells us to destroy those who are NOT Muslims.
you must be mistaken.

"that would be very helpful. would make me understand better of these muslim extremist groups who hate west so damn much."
You can't understand terrorists by reading the Qur'an. the Qur'an doesn't encourage terrorism. it calls for peace.

"is it because we are doing so damn good? isn't our fault that we born in abundance and have ways to create civilizations."
what's so damn good about stealing other people's wealth?
you are born in abundance because you are making the third world living in misery.
what you call civilization is built upon the suffering of the poor people of the world.

"but yet Koran is full of hate."
You don't know what you are talking about it. there is not even a single verse of hate in the Qur'an. and I challenge you to bring a single one if you dare.

"I do want to believe islam to be peaceful, yet so far muslism have not given evidence and reason to think they are peaceful. more like the opposite,"
there are bad elements in every group. there are bad Muslims and there are good Muslims. there are bad Christians and there are good Christians. there are bad Atheists and there are good Atheists. singling a whole group as bad is biased and unfair. if you want to see if Islam is a good religion, look at its best example and not at the bad examples. the best example of Islam is the prophet Mohammed -peace be upon him-. read his biography and you will understand more about Islam. read the Qur'an and you will learn more about the beautiful teachings of this wonderful way of life.

peace
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:icondaniel-gleebits:
Daniel-Gleebits Featured By Owner Jul 20, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Could you clarify something please? When it says that Allah is eternal and absolute, what exactly does that mean? Could you elaborate a little please, I find those to be fairly vague concepts prone to much interpretation.

:flaguk::salute:
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:iconfantasticdreamz:
FantasticDreamz Featured By Owner Aug 3, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I am no expert, but I may be able to help you ^^

You see in many other religions, such as Hinduism and the long ago one of the Greeks, they made pagan gods, i.e., they associated other gods with Allah. In these religions, the gods have human like qualities, they get tired, they sleep, eat, and some of their gods could die as well. In Islam, God has no other being who is equal to Him (hence He is Absolute) and He is the One and Only. In a way, there is absolutely no one like Him in power or qualities!(for example like Christanity has a priest who is supposed to be a "link" to God, there is no such person in Islam because God talks to everyone w/o discrimination). Associating anybody in power or likeness to Allah is "shirk" which is a big sin in Islam.
 Eternal simply means that God can not die - He will forever exist for He is a perpetual being.  

Hope that clarifed things a bit :D
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:icondaniel-gleebits:
Daniel-Gleebits Featured By Owner Aug 3, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
Interesting. So none of the Prophets in Islam were links to Allah? They didn't carry out his will on their behalf? They didn't express his desires to mankind as a medium?
Or were they an exception to this general description?
Where did you learn this, incidentally? Perhaps if I look at the source material I can answer these questions myself.

:flaguk::salute:
Reply
:iconfantasticdreamz:
FantasticDreamz Featured By Owner Aug 4, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Well, you found a mistake in my explanation, I should have realized that. ^^;

In a way, the prophets were an exception. They were links to Allah, and yes they spread religion through the revelations given to them by Him but to rememeber is that the prophets did not claim by themselves they were prophets. It is purely Divine. For example, in some religions, the religious leader claims (by himself) that he is a link to God. Even in my country, we have "pirs" that say that if they want their sins forgiven they must come to them. If they want anything from God, they must ask the pir first so he can ask Allah. So, when such pirs die, people begin worshipping him istead of Allah. The mentality around here is that people aren't pious enough as these pirs so they must ask him. Allah has made religion easy - there is no need to go to pir to have sins forgiven or have their wishes fulfilled. It can be done right at home. By going to such leaders it is like saying, "This person can expiate my sins, he can grant me my wishes". This is asscoiating partners with the Absolute Allah. 

By reading the Quran, these things can be clarified. It is my source of knowledge ^^
But you can follow these links if you want:
1) Allah is One
2) Concept of God in Islam
3) Translation of Quran (if you wish to read it)

I am not a teacher, or a preacher, so I'm sorry if my explanation is a bit weird. ^^;
Reply
:icondaniel-gleebits:
Daniel-Gleebits Featured By Owner Aug 4, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
Mmm, I have a problem with reading the holy book for information on factual things. It's nothing against the book itself you understand, it's just that there's no other source to corroborate it with it as far as I'm aware. It's the same for the bible, the book of mormon, the torah, the bhagavad gita, etc. As I say, no offense to the books themselves, but it seems to me that a mere single book written by people is insufficient to give me accurate knowledge about a deity. I couldn't be sure if what I read were accurate since I have nothing to cross reference it with, nor can I be sure I have the full story, or the correct version of events. People are fallible things after all.

Didn't Muhammad claim to have gained divine knowledge from an angel? And didn't Jesus claim to be directly inspired by god? And certainly Moses claimed to be a prophet, since he spoke with Yahweh a number of different times if the bible is to be believed. I think I see what you mean by not having to consult with priests and holy men in order to follow Allah, which is certainly different from most other religions like christianity, where priests, pastors, vicars and the sort are the sources of theological knowledge. There are corresponding positions like that in Islam aren't there? Islamic scholars whom one has the option to go for advice about Allah, or at the mosque perhaps? The fellow who directs events there? At least in Britain, a great many christians of the protestant faiths have a similar principle, praying at home and having personal relationships of that sort without having to go through a priest, but consulting the priest when confused about certain things in their lives.

Your explanation is quite well done, it's a good rudimentary explanation for me who only knows about Islam based on a class about the history of Islam. It's beginning, the stories that gave to its rise, and its influence over the centuries. Thanks for the number 0, the philosophy, and the medicine by the way :)
Forgive me if I keep asking for clarification, but I like to get as deep into an understanding as possible, and to be honest, the reason I ask to to ask why it is you believe these things.

:flaguk::salute:
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