Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],
In order to allow Non-Muslims to learn more about Islam and get familiar with Islamic culture, I'd like to start a new series of articles with 'Mosques' as its theme. here, I will explore several aspects of Islamic culture, customs regarding mosques, and we will see, in sha'Allah [God willing] different mosques from different eras from around the world.
I hope my humble contribution here this will benefit you all: Rules of conduct within the Mosque
The Mosque as a place of worship is considered an esteemed
and holy place. Though Muslims are permitted to offer their
prayers anywhere on earth provided the place is clean, yet the centre proposed for collective consciousness of Muslims was the Mosque. The last Prophet of God -peace be upon him- emphasised simplicity and cleanliness in the Mosque; thus, there are whole chapters in ahadeeth books outlining rules and manners of maintaining and using the Mosque.
Muslims would usually be delighted to show others their place of worship. It is the sharing of what they hold very dear to their heart. It is hoped, however, that the visitors observe certain basic rules of conduct.
The term Mosque is commonly used by non-Muslims to define the Muslim place of worship but its correct name is Masjid and this is the term used by Muslims. It would be preferable for non-Muslims to adapt to this correct terminology.
Before going to visit a Masjid, it is important that visitors give some thought to how they feel. The Muslims being visited would not want visitors to feel unease. Likewise, they would not want to be made ill at ease themselves by criticisms of their way of worship or of their religion. Questions are always welcomed but negative comparisons with the visitor’s own customs are unlikely to promote a friendly relationship. Whether visiting alone, or as a group, it is important to follow the guidelines for clothing and behaviour so as not to cause offence.
For groups, it is important not to talk loudly, thus disturbing anyone who may be at prayer. If any group members have special needs, let the place being visited know in advance so that they can prepare to help. For example, although the custom of the Mosque is to sit on the floor, chairs can often be provided for elderly, infirm or disabled visitors. Clothing in a Mosque
Clothing should be modest for both men and women. For women this means an ankle length skirt or trousers, which should not be tight or transparent, together with a long sleeved and highnecked top. Out of respect, women may also wear a headscarf. Shoes are removed before going into the prayer hall and put on the racks provided. Clean and presentable socks, stockings, or tights are therefore a good idea. Entering a Mosque
Where women attend the Mosque, men and women usually enter the prayer hall by separate entrances. Vistors may be greeted by the Arabic greeting “Assalaamu Alaikum” which means “peace be to you.” The answer, if the visitor would like to use it, is “Wa ‘alaikum-as-salam”, which means “peace be to you too”.
Do not offer, or expect, to shake hands with people of the opposite sex. Before entering the prayer hall or prayer room, Muslim men and women perform wudhu or ablutions if they have not already done so earlier or from home. This is not necessary for the non-Muslim visitor who will not be joining in the prayer. Entering a Mosque Prayer Hall
Go quietly into the hall, and sit on the floor (carpet), avoiding pointing the feet in the direction of the Qibla (the wall with the niche or alcove in it, indicating the direction of Makkah), unless a medical condition makes this the only possible posture. If visiting as a group during a time when prayers are taking place, sit together toward the rear of the hall. Worship in a Mosque
When salat (prayer) is in progress, non-Muslim visitors are welcomed but simply to observe rather than to join in. If arriving at such a time, find a place near the rear wall and sit quietly observing the prayer. No sacred or blessed food will be offered, nor will visitors be expected to make any physical gesture of respect to holy objects (except removing their shoes and acting respectfully in the prayer hall). Women visiting a Mosque
The main place of prayer is often used only by the men and a separate area is usually provided for women. Where men and women pray in the same hall, they remain in separate groups. Muslim women are expected not to come to the Mosque during their menstrual period. This does not apply to Non-Muslim women. Muslim women pray at home, as they are not obligated to attend the Mosque for prayer in congregation and therefore do not frequently attend the Mosque.from [link] IN THE PHOTO:
If you thought this is the tower of Babel, then you are wrong. The Great Mosque of Samarra was at one time the largest mosque in the world; its minaret, the Malwiya Tower, is a vast spiralling cone 52 meters high and 33 meters wide with a spiral ramp that recalls the ziggurats of Ancient Mesopotamia.
The mosque was commissioned in 848 and completed in 851 by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil who reigned (in Samarra) from 847 until 861.
The mosque was destroyed in 1278 CE after Hulagu Khan (the Mongol ruler and the grandson of Genghis Khan) invaded Iraq. Only the outer wall and its minaret remain...
More from this series:
If I am right, it is from the God. if I am wrong, it is from myself.