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June 19, 2012
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Islam and Emotions by Nayzak Islam and Emotions by Nayzak
Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],

Someone sent me a note asking me "What does Islam teach of emotions (worry, sadness, fear, joy, etc)?”
I thought it's a good question, and for the benefit of all visitors of my page, I should make an article to answer it.

To be able to understand the value of emotions, we have to see them in context. First, let's ask What are Humans Made of?
As Muslims, we believe that the Almighty God –Allah- created the universe, and gave it laws so it would run with such amazing precision. Among His beautiful creations, He also created people and gave them many traits: emotional, spiritual, intellectual and physical, because He entrusted them with sustaining and protecting life on this planet, so in order to help them with their mission, The Creator sent them messengers and prophets to teach them how to live their lives within the laws of His universe.

Islam is not just a worship program, but a comprehensive, intelligent and practical complete life system; because it respects all the different components of the human being equally, and regulates them to their full potential, rather than suppressing them (which hurts the individual), or setting them completely uncontrolled (which causes damage to the community and environment).
Emotions are given their place of importance in all Islamic teachings as a fundamental element of the human soul, so let's explore how a Muslim is expected to handle emotions, both his own and those of others:

:bulletred: Islam and Emotional Management:
Emotional interaction is inevitable. We experience emotions constantly in our daily lives in relation to events and people. But, to what extent should we allow ourselves to affect and get affected?
Islam teaches moderation in everything, aiming to create equilibrium so that one is always at peace with self, the universe, and the God. It's advised to avoid extremes in negative or positive emotions, as any extremes are destructive if left uncontrolled: for example extreme happiness leads to indulgence in excesses to give a false sense of ‘celebration' (as in getting drunk or drugged), while extreme sadness leads to being destructive to self and others (as in committing suicide or causing pain to others). Here are some examples of emotional-related teachings in Islam:

:bulletred: Positive emotions :
Emotions such as love, hope, enthusiasm, determination…etc are strongly encouraged in Islam, as they result in a positive attitude for the Muslim at home, in public, and in relation to the rest of the world including all other creations. The Prophet teaches that no one's faith is complete until they love for others what they love for themselves, which is a very positive state of mind. Love is recognized and respected as the noblest emotion; however, in a man-woman relationship, it's regulated to assure building long-term bonds, rather than just satisfying momentary urges.

:bulletred: Negative emotions :
Anger, depression, hate, envy…etc are strongly discouraged. A Muslim is advised to practice strict control over those destructive emotions, and to repent if they influenced deeds or attitudes towards others. To do so, one is expected to maintain strong ties with the God, and to draw strength and support from Him at all times. If one believes there is an all-wise, all-knowing God running the universe and that everything happens for a good reason within a wise and just master plan, then there would be no reason for despair, envy or depression.

:bulletred: Emotional Interaction:
No one could isolate themselves emotionally; consequently, Islam offers practical prescriptions for emotional interaction:

a) Among people:
We're instructed to control tongues and physical power when sad or angry. When we react emotionally it should be in a dignified and respectable way. We're not supposed to let emotions take control of our actions; instead, we should take control of our emotions. There is no excuse for causing hurt or destruction because one got “carried” away by emotions, for example killing while angry or raping while tempted. There are no softer penalties for these irresponsible actions in Islam, since destructive actions resulting from negative emotions can only create a vicious circle of more negativity and destruction, which disturbs the balance of God's peaceful universe.

b) Between people and other creatures:
We interact emotionally with other creatures in the universe as well, so we are expected to handle them with the same care and respect due to fellow humans.
Psychological cruelty is a concern in Islam, even to animals!

So actually, the whole range of human emotions are recognized and respected under Islam. People are not denied being “human” and having their weak moments, they're allowed to experience all sorts of feelings, both good and bad, as long as they make a serious effort to regain their balance and composure and get back in control quickly.
In short, Islam provides an applicable system for being wise and strong humans, who are in control of their feelings, and not the other way around.

from [link]

I hope this was beneficial.

If I am right, it's from The God. if I am wrong, it's from myself.
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KLBowserGannondorf Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2014
Deen also means judgement.
Flagged as Spam
Nayzak Featured By Owner Nov 17, 2013
sir, you either ask a question and I answer, or make a statement and I reply. I really dislike those who ask questions and answer by themselves. if you want to make a monolog, why don't you do it in your own page.

now let me reply to your "question and its false answer provided by you":

"does God has emotions??????"
the Qur'an states that "there is nothing whatsoever like Him [God]" so we can't imagine the God to be like us humans. the God almighty is not characterized by emotions as emotions involve physiological changes and alterations in one’s state of consciousness. if we are affected by what happens around us, then the God is not affected by anything.

"if yes then he is a human....if he is a human does he behave like us...?"
here you provide a false answer that leads to a false conclusion.

"if no then why we say God is pleasant with his believers & angry with unbelievers"
we do affirm that the scripture attributed the God with love, mercy, anger, joy, and so forth...  but in order to understand the meaning of these things for the God we do so in a way that befits Him and is in accordance with the transcendence He affirms for Himself in the Qur'an.
the God informs us that he is As-Samad (the one who is besought by all) and that he is in need of nothing. that nothing affects him.
when we do something good, its' for our own good. we do not benefit the God. so he doesn't get pleased because he benefited from it like we humans get pleased when we benefit from something.
when we do something bad, it's our own loss. we do not harm the God. so he doesn't get displeased because he was harmed from it like we humans get displeased when we are harmed. ignorantly assuming that the God feels emotions like us is attributing creature's shortcomings to the creator and this is a big blasphemy. when you do not know, you better learn before you play the philosopher.
now indeed the God does get pleased when someone does something good and he gets displeased when someone does something bad. but this should not be confused with human emotions and shouldn't be interpreted in the narrow human interpretation. the God said that he is different from his creation, therefore his pleasure and displeasure are not to be compared with our human pleasure and displeasure. it's as simple as that.

"In Quran,bible....on many places it's said God is enemy,gets angry on unbelievers that means GOD has emotions like us..."
No, it doesn't mean that. you misunderstood scripture. scripture says the God is different from us. when scripture says the God is angry at somebody, it implies that that somebody did something that leads him closer to hell. the God neither benefits nor loses anything if the whole of mankind does good or does evil. so assuming that the God has emotions "LIKE US" contradicts the facts that the God is "UNLIKE US"

"now if GOD has emotions,HIS CREATURES can change his doing good things to please & bad things to angry"
you built your whole conclusions on "IF this" and "IF that". if you are serious, start with firm and facts and reach conclusions.
"If cows could fly, they would have gone to the moon before us. therefore man is not the first one to reach the moon. cows reached the moon earlier" does this make any sense to you? this is the kind of logic you are following.

"that means God is not a perfect...."
No. that means your logic is not perfect. you started with false clauses, you reached false conclusions.

now seeing that your account is empty and this comment here is the only one you made and seeing that you are trying to mock your God almighty with your ignorant rubbish, I consider you a troll and therefore I block you and flag your comment as spam. if you have the guts, use your real account instead of making new accounts in order to flame.

may the God guide you and correct your thinking.
JDLuvaSQEE Featured By Owner Apr 26, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
This is very informative! Thank you! Peace be you you!
Dorothy-T-Rose Featured By Owner Mar 2, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
"If one believes there is an all-wise, all-knowing God running the universe and that everything happens for a good reason within a wise and just master plan, then there would be no reason for despair, envy or depression."

I couldn't agree more. However, sometimes negative emotions are very hard to control. Depression, for instance, can be caused by happenings, such as a loss in the family. If one remembers that Allah is running the universe and that everything happens for a good reason within a wise and just master plan, it will be much easier to recover and accept the loss as part of the master plan.

However, sometimes depression is caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. It can take a long time to find a cure for it and usually the cure is medication that must be taken for the rest of the individual's life. If the medication runs out for some reason, the person will become depressed again. In view of Islam, are such people somewhat excused?

DragonCount Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
If God seriously ran everything in the Universe and made everything happen, that means he basically has been the cause of the deaths for every human being in existence. Whether by illness, accident, natural disaster, murder, etc. How can anyone follow something so hollow with such fervor? 
Dorothy-T-Rose Featured By Owner Aug 28, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
That is a very good question.  However, I don't believe that God makes everything happen.  If I did, I would, indeed, have much difficulty with the Christian faith.  Rather, I believe that running the Universe is different from making everything happen.

Consider a roll playing game.  The Game Master runs the game.  He has a plan, a plot, and sometimes will tweak the rules to make things move towards his ultimate goal.  However, he does not make the players do everything that they do.  If he did, there would be no point in having players.  He might as well be playing by himself.  Instead, he allows the players to make many decisions, some which even go against his ultimate plan.  A Game Master that wants a happy ending will direct things towards that end, even when the players are working against him.

Obviously, the example is not perfect.  No human could equal God, but my point is, I believe that God runs the Universe while still allowing people to make their own decisions.  Some of the disasters in the world are the cause of human action which God has chosen not to prevent, such as murder and some illnesses.  (One might argue that all illnesses are the cause of the original Fall of Man and the introduction of sin into the world.)

Other disasters, I believe he does allow and may even have a direct hand in causing to happen, such as natural disasters or honest accidents.

I do believe that God could prevent all of these disasters, both those of human and non-human origin.  However, I also believe that he works all things towards an ultimate good.  We can't always see what that good is, from our limited perspective, but many times, we can see it in retrospect.  Sometimes, we never get to see how his plan is unfolding, but that is the purpose of faith.  We know that God is ultimately in control and is working everything towards a good and wondrous plan (even though he allows humans to work against him), and so we must trust and have faith that he will work even the bad things into something beautiful and good.

DragonCount Featured By Owner Aug 28, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
If this purported "ultimate good" entails untold deaths via natural disasters like earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes and volcanic eruptions (which have been proven time and time again to be caused by perfectly explainable scientifically discovered phenomena, hence the term "NATURAL disaster"), this alleged "good" in this plan sounds ever more dreary. If there's meant to be an ultimate good, shouldn't it be achieved with absolutely no loss of innocent lives instead of literally sacrificing so many individuals who, if being able to continue living, could possess much more potential in their lives? 

Or should someone just accept if, for example, God was to kill him or her via a lightning strike and rejoice as being part of this grand plan? Rejoice over this individual's potential in life being lost and leaving his or her loved ones grieving?

That kind of mindset demeans the intrinsic value of life and human potential. It's views like this that made me forsake the Christian god.
Chibigaming13 Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
if you want less of an optimistic answer. If we didn't die, so many bad people would be alive. Population would overflow causing people to be killed unnaturally. We would starve, cause wars, and kill off babies ect. if people didn't die naturally and peacefully, we would die harmfully and painfully. It all works out. when someone dies, someone is born. population is controlled! less optimistic, but true.  
Dorothy-T-Rose Featured By Owner Sep 1, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
Since this topic of conversation is moving away from the artwork and the topic of "Islam and Emotions", I will answer your questions in a note, so as not to be rude to Nayzak.

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