Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],
Instead of directly saying that The God can do all things, the Qur'an uses great logic in saying that the God has power over all things.
The God said in his final testament:
قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتَنزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّن تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَن تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَن تَشَاءُ ۖ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Say, "O Allah , (Maalikul-mulk) Owner of Sovereignty/kingdom, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humiliate whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, you ['alaa kulli shay'in qadeer] (Arabic)translation of verse 3:26
قُلْ إِن تُخْفُوا مَا فِي صُدُورِكُمْ أَوْ تُبْدُوهُ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ ۗ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Say: "Whether ye hide what is in your hearts or reveal it, Allah knows it all: He knows what is in the heavens, and what is on earth. And Allah ['alaa kulli shay'in qadeer]. (Arabic)translation of verse 3:29
-'alaa kulli shay'in qadeer- is the transliteration of the Arabic expression: على كل شيء قدير
'alaa = upon, on
kulli = every
shay'in = thing
qadeer = powerful, has power
therefore, ['alaa kulli shay'in qadeer] could be translated as "is over all things competent" or "has power over all things".
some Qur'an translators wrongly translated these verses as "Allah is Able to do all things." this is wrong and it is not what the original Arabic verses say.
there are around 35 verses in the Qur'an containing the exact same expression ['alaa kulli shay'in qadeer] and in all of them, it means "has power over all things".
Those who claim that the God can do everything will certainly be speechless when asked the question: Can the God create a rock which he himself can't lift?
if he can't create such a rock then he cannot do everything. If he can create it then he can't do everything either (because he can not lift it).
That's why the God never said that HE can do all things. Instead, He says that He has control (power) over all things. saying that he is able to do all things would have created confusions. Does ALLAH have control over me?
I can move freely. Does the God have control over my hands? I can look wherever I want. Here the point to be clarified is that there are few things in which Allah gives us some freedom and in few others, he does not. Do we have control over our death? Can we live as long as we want? No! Certainly no. In few things Allah gives us free will and is testing us do we use our own will to do good things or bad things? -Has power over all things-. What are these THINGS
Some people ask "If the God has power over all things, then why can't he become a man?
Well, the question is can the concept of a 'God-man' even be considered a 'thing' in the first place?
What does the word 'thing' mean anyways?
A thing is any attribute or quality considered as having its own existence. [link]
Now there are certain concepts that make no sense and cannot even be classified as a 'thing'...
The same applies to the creation of an object so heavy that the God could not lift it. It is impossible, because the God is the One who creates it, and He is able to destroy it at any moment, so how can He be unable to lift it?
Some atheists only want to cast aspersions on the general meaning of the words of the God, "Allaah has power over all things". So they says, if He has power over all things, why does He not have the power to do this?
The answer is: Because it is impossible, it is not a thing.
That which is impossible does not exist. and since it cannot exist, it is nothing. even if the mind can imagine it. It is known that the mind can assume and imagine the impossible; the mind can imagine two opposites, such as something existing and not existing, at the same time.
The above verses states that Allah has power over "things" but that does not include things that are inherently impossible, because they are not things, rather they do not exist and they cannot be brought into existence.
Concepts that are self contradictory and inherently incoherent cannot be classified as things. They are only words. For example...
- someone who is the tallest and shortest man in the world at the same time. someone who is a married single man. a triangle with four sides. a number which is odd and even at the same time. the idea that God creates an uncreated and eternal God just like Himself.
All of these don't make sense. They are only words; they are not 'things'. being god and man at the same time
The same is said regarding someone being God and man at the same time. We Muslims say this is logically incoherent for one cannot be
- Infinite and finite at the same time.
- All powerful and not all powerful at the same time
- All knowing and not all knowing at the same time.
- Independent but dependent at the same time.
Some people may want to argue back that God could give up his divine attributes temporarily and then become a man. However, there is still a problem with that.
For it is God's divine attributes that make God, GOD.
Imagine you have a cheeseburger. Then you take away the cheese. Is it still a cheeseburger? Of course not. The attribute of cheese is essential in order for the burger to be a cheeseburger. You can't have a cheeseburger with out cheese.
Similarly, God's essential attributes are those of omnipotence, omniscience, etc. Once they are put aside, that person ceases to be God.
We only believe that Allah can do things that are reasonable and beyond our reason (e.g. knowing what everyone is thinking about at the same time) but we do not believe that He does that which is AGAINST reason. from [link] and [link]
I hope this was beneficial.IN THE DRAWING:
The arabic calligraphy is: إن الله على كل شيء قدير ‘Verily Allah has power over all things’. in the Thuluth script.
For more in the same topic:
if I am right, it is from the God. if I am wrong, it is from myself.