Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],
When you open the Mus'haf
, you see the first chapter from the Qur'an.Name:
This Surah (chapter) is named Al-Faatihah (Al-Fatiha) because of its subject-matter. Fatihah is that which opens a subject or a book or any other thing. In other words, Al-Fatihah is a sort of preface. but it is not written by any man. its author is none but the God himself.Verses:
This Surah has a total of 7 verses.Period of Revelation:
It is one of the very earliest Revelations to God's last Prophet. As a matter of fact, we learn from authentic Traditions that it was the first complete Surah which was revealed to Mohammed -peace be upon him-. Before this, only a few miscellaneous verses were revealed which form parts of Surah Alaq (#96), Muzzammil (#73), Muddathir (#74), etc.Theme:
This Surah is in fact a prayer which Allah has taught to all those who want to make a study of his book. It has been placed at the very beginning of the book to teach this lesson to the reader: if you sincerely want to benefit from the Qur'an, if you want to learn the truth, if you want to follow the right path, you should offer this prayer to the Lord of the Universe.
This preface is meant to create a strong desire in the heart of the open-minded reader to seek guidance from the Lord of the Universe, who alone can grant it. Thus Al-Faatihah indirectly teaches that the best thing for a man is to pray for guidance to the straight path, to study the Qur'an with the mental attitude of a seeker-after-truth and to recognize the fact that the Lord of the Universe is the source of all knowledge. He should, therefore, begin the study of the Qur'an with a prayer to him for guidance.
From this theme, it becomes clear that the real relation between Al-Fatiha and the Quran is not that of an introduction to a book but that of a prayer and its answer. Al-Faatihah is the prayer from the servant and the Qur'an is the answer from the the Master to his prayer. The servant prays to Allah to show him guidance and the Master places the whole of the Qur'an before him in answer to his prayer, as if to say, "This is the Guidance you begged from Me."Text and translation:
the translation of the Arabic text goes like this:
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِي
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
All praise be to Allah , Lord of the worlds
the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
Master of Judgment Day
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
It is You we worship and You we ask for help
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
Guide us to the straight path
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked Your anger or of those who are astray
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if I am right, it is from the God. if I am wrong, it is from myself.